Daily Plans and Classroom Notes, Worksheets and Resources
ALL LESSONS ARE NOW ON MYMCPS CLASSROOM!! YOU MUST LOG INTO MYMCPS TO COMPLETE YOUR ASSIGNMENTS!!
April 1-April 8:
By the end of this time you should have done the following on myMCPS
-Taken the warm up Quiz
-Taken the reading quiz
-Completed the Body Systems Graphic Organizer Assignment
All work is done on myMCPS
-Take warm up Quiz
Watch this video:
-Answer the Discussion Question
-Read the RFP and Take the RFP Reading Quiz
-Open the Google Slide Show of Athletes
Video for soccer player Joe Bell Stats
Video for volleyball player Dana Rettke Stats
Video for football player Apollos Hester Stats
Video for gymnast Jade Degouveia Stats
Video for swimmer/diver Eric Weng Stats
Video for softball player Danielle Lugo Stats
Video for track and field D'JENNE EGHAREVBA Stats
Video for basketball Kyle Guy Stats Stats
-Write up Communicate to the Public
Week of April 20-24th: All Work on myMCPS
Instructional Youtube Video
Step 1: Watch this Video: Homeostasis Notes Video
Open this Google Slide Show About Homeostasis that was shown in the video.
Open this simulation shown in the video and try to keep the girl alive for 2 minutes.
Step 2: Take the quiz on myMCPS
Step 3: Read this article about how the body systems work together in homeostasis
Complete the assignment on myMCPS
Step 4: Youtube Video of How to Read a Medical Report
Open your athlete's medical report below. Identify any results that fall out of the normal range. Use this Chart: Blood Test Results Explained to explain the results of the blood test.
Football: Apollos Hester's Medical Report
Volleyball: Dana Rettke's Medical Report
Softball: Danielle Lugo's Medical Report
Swimming: Eric Weng's Medical Report
Gymnastics: Jade Degouveia's Medical Report
Soccer: Joe Bell's Medical Report
Basketball: Kyle Guy's Medical Report
Track and Field: D'Jenne Egharevba's Medical Report
April 27-May1 Videos:
Instructional Video for the Week
Ameoba Sisters Video
Homer O stasis (teachers doing lab) Video
May 4-10th Videos:
3 Videos From Slideshow (in order)
The Plasma Membrane
Diffusion Simulation Link
Cell Homeostasis Virtual Lab
Join Mrs. McGaffin's EdPuzzle Class
Open this link
Use this code: farekti
Washington Post Article: Should you ice after exercising
Levels of Biological Hierarchy:
Atoms: Smallest unit of matter (found on periodic table) ex: Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen
Macromolecules: ex: carbs, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
Organelles: parts of cells (nucleus, ribosomes, endoplasimc reticulum, etc)
Cells: smallest unit of structure and function of living things. (neuron, epithelial cell, muscle cell, etc)
Tissues: Layer of one type of cells. (Epithelial tissue, Nervous tissue, Muscle tissue, connective tissue)
Organs: Multiple tissues working together (Heart, lungs, stomach, humerus, pituitary gland, etc)
Organ System: Multiple organs working together (Skeletal, Circulatory, Respiratory)
Organism: Whole living thing (human)
Circulatory System- Transports gases, nutrients, hormones and waste to and from the cell. Transports immune cells (white blood cells) Major organs/parts: Heart, arteries, capillaries, veins, Red Blood Cells, Platelets
Digestive System- Brings food into the body and breaks it down mechanically and chemically. Nutrients are absorbed in the small intestine into the blood stream: Solid food waste exits as poop. Major organs/parts: mouth, teeth, salivary glands, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum and anus, liver, gallbladder, pancreas
Respiratory System- Brings oxygen in to the lungs where it diffuses into the blood stream. Removes carbon dioxide from the blood and out of the body. (Gas Exchange) Major organs: Mouth, nose, trachea, bronchi, lungs, diaphragm.
Excretory System- Filters the blood and removes waste from the cells. Helps to maintain the balance of water and salts in the blood. Waste is removed as urine (pee). Major organs: Kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra.
Muscular System: Provides movement. Cells contract in bundles to move. Works with the skeletal system to move the body. Many organs have smooth muscle to help the organs move (digestive organs). The heart is made up of cardiac muscle. Muscles move when they are shocked by a nerve.
Major organs: Muscles...ex: Biceps
Types of muscle tissue: Smooth, Cardiac, Skeletal
Skeletal System: Made up of bones and ligaments. Muscles attach to bones to move the body. Provide structure, attachment for movement, and protection (skull, ribs, vertebrae and pelvis). Long bones create blood cells. Bones store minerals
Major organs/parts: Bones ex: humerus, skull Ligaments, Joints, Cartilage
Nervous System: Sends and receives messages to control functions throughout the body. Monitors internal conditions (ex:; blood glucose levels, carbon dioxide levels, water levels, heart rate/breathing rate) to help the body maintain homeostasis. Muscles can only move when a message is sent by a never that shocks the muscle. Controls the endocrine system by sending messages to the pituitary gland. Short term messages-messages are sent by electrical signals that quickly stop after they are sent Major Organs: Brain, spinal cord, nerves, sense organs (eyes, ears, skin, tongue, nose)
Endocrine System: Made up of glands throughout the body that send hormones (chemical messages) into the bloodstream to target cells far away and make them do something. Long term messages-hormones can stay in your blood for a long time. Help to maintain homeostasis and create changes in puberty.
Major Organs: Pituitary gland, ovaries, testis, adrenal glands, pancreas, thyroid
Immune System/Lymphatic System- Creates and transports white blood cells that fight against infectious diseases and repair injured areas of the body. Immune cells travel through the circulatory system. Major Organs: Long Bones (marrow- creates white blood cells), Spleen, Lymphatic vessels
Integumentary System (skin)- Creates a barrier to keep out harmful microorganisms and radiation,prevents the loss of fluids, and helps to control body temperature.
Reproductive System: Creates gametes (males create sperm, females create eggs) for reproduction. Hormones from the ovaries/testis (endocrine system) affect the reproductive system
Major Organs: Testis and Ovaries
Homeostasis: Maintaining internal stability in an organism despite changing external conditions.
Stimulus: Change that causes something to happen
Receptors: Monitor and notice the change
The control center: Directs a response to take place
Effectors: Respond to the change
Response: What happens because of the original change
Negative Feedback: Acts to reverse a change and return an organism to homeostasis. Ex: Sweating when hot and shivering when cold or insulin lowering blood sugar and glucagon raising blood sugar.
Positive Feedback: Acts to increase a change. Not as common. Not always a good thing. Ex: Contractions in child birth, Depression
Types of cells
Eukaryote: Plant, Animal, Fungus, Protist
Eukaryotic cells have membrane bound organelles.
Prokaryotic cells do NOT have membrane bound organelles.
Cell Membrane- Regulates what goes into and out of the cell (all cells) *
Cell Wall- Support and Structure (Not in animals ) *
Cytoplasm- Watery fluid outside of the nucleus (all cells) *
Nucleus- Membrane bound area of the cell that contains the genetic information- DNA. (Eukaryotes: Plants and animals) *
Nuclear Membrane- Surrounds the nucleus*
Nucleolus- Makes Ribosomes (found in nucleus) (Eukaryotes)
Ribosomes- Reads mRNA and links amino acids together to make protein (all cells) *
Single Large Vacuole- Holds water and salts...helps to keep plant cells from collapsing inward (Plants) *
Smaller vacuoles- Stores substances (animals)
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum- Transports materials in the cell...helps to make lipids (Eukaryotes: Plants and Animals)
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum- Transports materials in cells...especially proteins (Eukaryotic cells: Plants and Animals)
Golgi Apparatus- Packages materials to leave the cell (eukaryotes) *
Chloroplast: Uses light energy to make sugar in photosynthesis (Plants) *
Mitochondria: Releases energy from sugar (glucose) to make ATP in cellular respiration. (Eukaryotes: Plants and Animals) *
Lysosome: Membrane full of enzymes that breaks down warn out cell parts (yes- animals, sometimes for plants)
Centrioles: Helps organize the chromosomes during cell division (Animals only)
Cytoskeleton: Proteins that give shape and structure to the cell.
Flagella: Long whip like tail that helps a cell to move (swim) *
Cilia: Small hairs that beat to help a cell to move. *
All of the organelles above will be on the honors quiz. Organelles marked with a * will be on the on level quiz.
Transport in Cells:
Diffusion: Movement of molecules from high to low concentration
Osmosis: Movement of water through a membrane from high to low concentration. (Water moves to where there is a greater concentration of SOLUTE to try to make the concentration on both sides of the membrane the same)
Facilitated Diffusion: Large, Polar, or Charged particles move through channel proteins from high to low concentration.
Active Transport: Molecules move from LOW to HIGH concentration. Requires ATP (energy)
The cell membrane is made of phosopholipids. They have a polar head and a nonpolar tail.
Neuron: Nerve cell that has the ability to send and receive messages. Has long branching arms that allow it to reach out in many directions
Muscle Cell: Has the ability to contract to cause movement. These cells require lots of energy.
Epithelial Cell: Lines the inside and outside of your body. These cells sometimes secrete fluids.
Sperm Cell: Uses its flagella to swim to the Fallopian tubes and fertilize the egg
Red Blood Cell: Has a protein called hemoglobin that allows it to carry oxygen to the cells and carbon dioxide from the cells.
Bone cell: Has the ability to secrete calcium
Scientific Method Notes:
How to make an experiment valid:
-Large Sample Size
1 independent variable
1 depdendent vararible
Keep other variables constant
Independent Variable: The variable the experimenter is changing to see how it affects the dependent variable. Ex: How does the amount of sunlight affect plant growth. The amount of sunlight is the independent variable
Dependent Variable: The variable that is measured by the investigator to see how it changes because of the change in the independent variable. DATA. Ex: How does the amount of sunlight affect plant growth...plant growth is the dependent variable.
Experimental Group: Group where you change the independent variable and measure the dependent variable.
Ex: Does a medicine help decrease the # of asthma attacks in asthma patients. Experimental group are the people who receive the medicine. The data collected is the number of asthma attacks they have while on the medicine.
Control Group: Group where you DO NOT change the independent variable, but still measure the dependent variable. This allows you to compare results with the experimental group.
Ex: Does a medicine help decrease the # of asthma attacks in asthma patients. The control group is the group of patients who DO NOT receive the medicine. The data collected is the number of asthma attacks these patients have.
Bias: Causes unreliable results because of not investigators not following proper scientific method. Ex: Scientists only using data that follows what they expect it to be. Having a really small experimental group will lead to biased data.
***to review water and biomolecules go back on weebly to the first unit.
Helpful Links for Cell Subunit:
Textbook for this class: Ck12.org Biology:
Chapter on Cell Organelles in CK-12
Chapter on Diffusion, Osmosis and Homeostasis in CK-12
Chapter on Hierarchy- Cells, Tissues and Systems in CK-12
Chapter on Skeletal and Muscular System in CK-12
Chapter on Nervous and Endocrine System in CK-12
Chapter on Circulatory, Respiratory, Digestive and Excretory Systems in CK-12
Chapter on Immune system and Inflammation in CK-12
Mrs. Jennings' Quia Games: Use the 3 games below to study for the organelles quiz and to fill out your flashcards.
Organelle Functions Matching Game
Prokaryotes/Animals/Plants T or F Game
Differentiate between Prokaryotes, Animals and Plants
Systems Review Quia Game
HSA Online Prep Review for Test
Take Test by indicators:
3.2.1- Structure and Function
Mrs. Jennings Quia Jeopardy for test